PSORIASIS CURE, AYURVEDA PSORIASIS TREATMENTS IN TRIVANDRUM,
Psoriasis is a chronic,
autoimmune disease that appears on the skin. It occurs when the immune
system sends out faulty signals that speed up the growth cycle of skin
cells. Psoriasis is not contagious.
There are five types of psoriasis:
plaque, guttate, inverse, pustular and erythrodermic. The most common
form, plaque psoriasis, appears as raised, red
patches or lesions covered with a silvery white build-up of dead skin
cells, called scale. Psoriasis can occur on any
part of the body and is associated with other serious health
conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease and depression
Type of psoriasis
appears in a variety of forms with distinct characteristics. Typically,
an individual has only one type of psoriasis at a
time. Generally, one type of psoriasis will clear
and another form of psoriasis will appear in
response to a trigger.
Plaque Psoriasis - (psoriasis vulgaris)
vulgaris) is the most prevalent form of the disease. About 80 percent
of those who have psoriasis have this type. It is
characterized by raised, inflamed, red lesions covered by a silvery
white scale. It is typically found on the elbows, knees, scalp and
Guttate Psoriasis -
[GUH-tate] psoriasis is a form of psoriasis
that often starts in childhood or young adulthood. The word guttate is
from the Latin word meaning "drop." This form of psoriasis appears as
small, red, individual spots on the skin. Guttate lesions usually
appear on the trunk and limbs. These spots are not usually as thick as
psoriasis often comes on
quite suddenly. A variety of conditions can bring on an attack of
guttate psoriasis, including upper respiratory
infections, streptococcal throat infections (strep throat),
tonsillitis, stress, injury to the skin and the administration of
certain drugs including antimalarials and beta-blockers.
Inverse psoriasis is found in
the armpits, groin, under the breasts, and in other skin folds around
the genitals and the buttocks. This type of psoriasis
appears as bright-red lesions that are smooth and shiny. Inverse
psoriasis is subject to irritation from rubbing and sweating because of
its location in skin folds and tender areas. It can be more troublesome
in overweight people and those with deep skin folds.
seen in adults, pustular psoriasis is characterized by white blisters
of noninfectious pus (consisting of white blood cells) surrounded by
red skin. There are three types of pustular psoriasis.
Pustular psoriasis may be localized to certain
areas of the body, such as the hands and feet, or covering most of the
body. It begins with the reddening of the skin followed by formation of
pustules and scaling.
Pustular psoriasis may be
triggered by internal medications, irritating topical agents,
overexposure to UV light, pregnancy, systemic steroids, infections,
stress and sudden withdrawal of systemic medications or potent topical
Erythrodermic [eh-REETH-ro-der-mik] psoriasis is a
particularly inflammatory form of psoriasis that
affects most of the body surface. It may occur in association with von
Zumbusch pustular psoriasis. It is characterized by periodic,
widespread, fiery redness of the skin and the shedding of scales in
sheets, rather than smaller flakes. The reddening and shedding of the
skin are often accompanied by severe itching and pain, heart rate
increase, and fluctuating body temperature.
of a Finger Nail
People experiencing the symptoms of erythrodermic psoriasis
flare should go see a doctor immediately. Erythrodermic psoriasis
causes protein and fluid loss that can lead to severe illness. The
condition may also bring on infection, pneumonia and congestive heart
failure. People with severe cases of this condition often require
Known triggers of erythrodermic psoriasis
include the abrupt withdrawal of a systemic psoriasis
treatment including cortisone; allergic reaction to a drug
resulting in the Koebner response; severe sunburns;
infection; and medications such as lithium, anti-malarial drugs; and
strong coal tar products.
No one knows exactly what causes psoriasis.
However, it is understood that the immune system and genetics play
major roles in its development. Most researchers agree that the immune
system is somehow mistakenly triggered, which causes a series of
events, including acceleration of skin cell growth. A normal skin cell
matures and falls off the body in 28 to 30 days. A skin cell in a
patient with psoriasis takes only 3 to 4 days to
mature and instead of falling off (shedding), the cells pile up on the
surface of the skin, forming psoriasis lesions.
Scientists believe that at least 10 percent of the
general population inherits one or more of the genes that create a
predisposition to psoriasis. However, only 2
percent to 3 percent of the population develops the disease.
Researchers believe that for a person to develop psoriasis,
the individual must have a combination of the genes that cause psoriasis
and be exposed to specific external factors known as “triggers.”
more about genetic and immune system involvement
in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.
triggers are not universal. What may cause one person’s psoriasis
to become active, may not affect another. Established psoriasis
can cause psoriasis to flare for the first time or
aggravate existing psoriasis. Relaxation and stress
reduction may help prevent stress from impacting
Injury to skin
can appear in areas of the skin that have been injured or traumatized.
This is called the Koebner [KEB-ner] phenomenon. Vaccinations, sunburns
and scratches can all trigger a Koebner response. The Koebner response
can be treated if it is caught early enough.
medications are associated with triggering psoriasis, including:
Used to treat manic depression and other psychiatric disorders. Lithium
aggravates psoriasis in about half of those with psoriasis who take it.
Antimalarials: Quinacrine, chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine may cause
a flare of psoriasis, usually 2 to 3 weeks after the drug is taken.
Hydroxychloroquine has the lowest incidence of side effects.
Inderal: This high blood pressure medication worsens psoriasis in about
25 percent to 30 percent of patients with psoriasis who take it. It is
not known if all high blood pressure (beta blocker) medications worsen
psoriasis, but they may have that potential.
Quinidine: This heart medication has been reported to worsen some cases
Indomethacin: This is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to
treat arthritis. It has worsened some cases of psoriasis. Other
anti-inflammatories usually can be substituted. Indomethacin's negative
effects are usually minimal when it is taken properly. Its side effects
are usually outweighed by its benefits in psoriatic arthritis.
scientifically unproven, some people with psoriasis suspect that
allergies, diet and weather trigger their psoriasis. Strep infection is
known to trigger guttate psoriasis.
Psoriasis is one of the most
prevalent autoimmune diseases in the U.S.
to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), as many as 7.5 million
Americans—approximately 2.2 percent of the population--have psoriasis.
million people worldwide—2 to 3 percent of the total population—have
show that between 10 and 30 percent of people with psoriasis
also develop psoriatic arthritis.
Psoriasis prevalence in African
Americans is 1.3 percent compared to 2.5 percent of Caucasians.1
Quality of life
related to Psoriasis
Psoriasis is not a cosmetic
problem. Nearly 60 percent of people with psoriasis
reported their disease to be a large problem in their everyday life.
Nearly 40 percent with psoriatic
arthritis reported their disease to be a large problem in everyday life.3
Patients with moderate to severe psoriasis
experienced a greater negative impact on their quality of life.4
Psoriasis has a greater impact
on quality of life in women and younger patients.4
Age of onset
related to Psoriasis
Psoriasis often appears
between the ages of 15 and 25, but can develop at any age.
arthritis usually develops between the ages of 30 and 50, but can
develop at any age.
Severity of psoriasis
The National Psoriasis
Foundation defines mild psoriasis as affecting less than 3 percent of
the body; 3 percent to 10 percent is considered moderate; more than 10
percent is considered severe. For most individuals, the palm of the
hand is about the same as 1 percent of the skin surface. However, the
severity of psoriasis is also measured by how psoriasis affects a
person's quality of life.
Nearly one-quarter of people with psoriasis
have cases that are considered moderate to severe.
About one out of
three people with psoriasis report having a relative with psoriasis.
If one parent has
psoriasis, a child has about
a 10 percent chance of having psoriasis. If both parents have
psoriasis, a child has approximately a 50 percent chance of developing
Other health concerns
associated with psoriasis
and psoriatic arthritis
Individuals with psoriasis are
at an elevated risk to develop other chronic and serious health
conditions also known as "comorbid diseases" or "comorbidities." These
include heart disease, inflammatory bowel disease and diabetes. People
with more severe cases of psoriasis have an
increased incidence of psoriatic arthritis, cardiovascular disease,
hypertension, diabetes, cancer, depression, obesity, and other
immune-related conditions such as Crohn's disease1.
An October 2006 study confirmed the increased risk
of cardiovascular disease for psoriasis patients,
especially those with severe psoriasis in their 40s
and 50s. Psoriasis patients should examine their
modifiable risk factors—for example, quit smoking, reduce stress and
maintain a normal weight.
Psoriasis can cause considerable
emotional distress for patients, including decreased self-esteem, and
an increased incidence of mood disorders, such as depression. One study
estimates that approximately one-fourth of psoriasis
patients suffer from depression. Learn more about the risk
for developing depression.
A number of studies have found an increased
risk of certain types of cancer in psoriasis
patients, such as a form of skin cancer known as squamous cell
carcinoma and lymphoma. In some instances, these cancers have been
associated with specific psoriasis treatments which
suppress the immune system. Patients should follow recommended regular
health screenings for cancer and avoid high risk behaviours.
The National Psoriasis
Foundation Medical Board urges psoriasis patients
to work with their doctors to outline an appropriate preventative
program based on individual medical histories and known risk factors to
ensure they are continually monitoring for the potential onset of any
health issues related to psoriasis.
In general, psoriasis does not
affect the male or female reproductive systems. However, many psoriasis
treatments require special precautions before and during pregnancy. It
is important to consult with your doctor to verify your psoriasis
treatments are safe for pregnancy and nursing.
changes during pregnancy
Some women see an improvement in the severity of
their psoriasis during pregnancy, while others
report their psoriasis gets worse. Changes in severity of psoriasis
vary by individual and from pregnancy to pregnancy.
arthritis and pregnancy
Although medications should be limited during
conception and pregnancy, this may be impossible for those who
have psoriatic arthritis. Some pain
medications can be used safely during pregnancy. Talk with your doctor
about all over-the-counter and prescription medications you take before
conception, during pregnancy and while nursing.
Psoriasis is believed
to be a genetic disease, but it does not follow a typical
dominant or recessive pattern of inheritance. No one can predict who
will get psoriasis as researchers do not completely
understand how psoriasis is passed from one
generation to another. The pattern of inheritance probably involves
multiple genes or combinations of many genes, and the
search is on to find those genes.
About one out of three people with psoriasis
report that a relative has or had psoriasis. If one
parent has psoriasis, a child has about a 10
percent chance of having psoriasis. If both parents
have psoriasis, a child has approximately a 50
percent chance of being diagnosed with the disease.
Studies of identical twins with psoriasis
show that psoriasis is at least partially genetic.
But those same studies also reinforce the complexity of psoriasis.
In about one-third of identical twin pairs where psoriasis
is present, only one twin has the disease, indicating that
environmental factors or “triggers” play a
role in who develops psoriasis. The theory that psoriasis
is triggered by a combination of genes and external forces is called
"multifactorial inheritance." Once the genes responsible for psoriasis
are discovered, the inheritance pattern may be better
Many people with psoriasis
report facing discrimination in public places such as swimming pools,
hair salons and gyms because others fear psoriasis
is contagious. Fortunately, there are federal laws designed to protect
you from discrimination. When it comes to challenging discrimination,
you are your own best advocate.
As with most chronic, autoimmune diseases, psoriasis
and psoriatic arthritis require ongoing treatment. In order to best
manage your condition, it is important to see a doctor regularly who
specializes in treating psoriasis and/or psoriatic
Navigating the health care system and applying for
disability are not always easy, so we've compiled this list of
resources for you to help you access the care you need
to get—and stay—healthy with a chronic condition.
psoriasis in children
Psoriasis is a genetic skin
disease associated with the immune system. The immune system causes
skin cells to reproduce too quickly. A normal skin cell matures and
falls off the body’s surface in 28 to 30 days. However, skin affected
by psoriasis takes only three to four days to
mature and move to the surface. Instead of falling off (shedding), the
cells pile up and form lesions. The skin also becomes very red due to
increased blood flow.
Who is affected?
The disease affects as many as 7.5 million people
in the U.S, about 2.6 percent of the population. Psoriasis
occurs nearly equally in men and women across all socioeconomic groups.
It occurs in all races, though Caucasians are slightly more affected.
Ordinarily, people have their first outbreak
between the ages of 15 and 35, but it can appear at any age.
Approximately one-third of those who get psoriasis
are under 20 years old when the disease first surfaces.
Every year, roughly 20,000 children under 10 years
of age are diagnosed with psoriasis. Sometimes it
is misdiagnosed because it is confused with other skin diseases.
Symptoms include pitting and discoloration of the nails, severe scalp
scaling, diaper dermatitis or plaques similar to that of adult psoriasis
on the trunk and extremities. Psoriasis in infants
is uncommon, but it does occur. Only close observation can determine if
an infant has the disease.
No one knows exactly what causes psoriasis,
but it has a genetic component. Most researchers agree that the immune
system is somehow mistakenly triggered, which speeds up the growth
cycle of skin cells.
Researchers believe that for a person to develop psoriasis,
certain steps must happen. The individual must receive a combination of
different genes that work together to cause psoriasis.
The individual must then be exposed to specific factors that can
trigger his or her particular combination of genes to cause the
disease. These triggers are not yet fully understood or
defined; however, certain types of infection and stress have been
identified as potential triggers.
If one parent has the disease, there is about a 10
percent chance of a child contracting it. If both parents have psoriasis,
the chance increases to 50 percent. No one can predict who will get psoriasis.
Scientists now believe that at least 10 percent of the general
population inherits one or more of the genes that create a
predisposition to psoriasis. However, only 2 to 3
percent of the population develops the disease.
Some young people report the onset of psoriasis
following an infection, particularly strep throat. One-third to
one-half of all young people with psoriasis may
experience a flare-up two to six weeks after an earache, strep throat,
bronchitis, tonsillitis or a respiratory infection.
Areas of skin that have been injured or traumatized
are occasionally the sites of psoriasis, know as
the “Koebner [keb-ner] phenomenon.” However, not everyone who has psoriasis
develops it at the site of an injury.
cause of psoriasis is not known, but it is believed
to have a genetic component. Factors that may
aggravate psoriasis include stress,
excessive alcohol consumption,
and smoking. There
are many treatments available, but because of its chronic recurrent
nature psoriasis is a challenge to treat.
classification of Psoriasis
is a chronic relapsing disease of the skin, which may be classified
into nonpustular and pustular types as follows:
Psoriasis vulgaris (Chronic stationary psoriasis,
Psoriatic erythroderma (Erythrodermic psoriasis)
Generalized pustular psoriasis (Pustular psoriasis
of von Zumbusch)
Pustulosis palmaris et plantaris (Persistent
palmoplantar pustulosis, Pustular psoriasis of the Barber type,
Pustular psoriasis of the extremities)
Annular pustular psoriasis
types of psoriasis include
(content courtesy - The National Psoriasis
© 2012 National Psoriasis